Innocent was born on March 19, 1844 to Francis Poli and Peter Scavlinoni. His father died when he was an infant and his uncle, Francis, became like a second father to him, teaching him how to pray and work, and sharing with him his own outlook on life.
He was already parish priest when he decided to join the Capuchins at 30 years of age. He immediately embraced the rigors of the lifestyle with enthusiasm. Although he was assigned to various offices during his Religious Life, he was never able to fulfill the expectations of his superiors. This helped him to become more humble and lead a more hidden life.
Pope John XXIII beatified him on November 12, 1961.